Which countries have mandatory vaccination policies?

Published on MedED:  25 August 21
Type of article: Summary


There has been a worrying decline in vaccination rates across the globe. In 2020 the WHO estimated that at least 17.1 million infants did not receive their initial dose of Tdap vaccine (Diptheria toxoid, Tetanus toxoid and acellular Pertussis). 1

While most of these infants reside in developing countries, and there is no doubt COVID-19 has played a role in this dramatic decline with difficulties, including logistic issues and lock-down mandates, there are signs that this was a trend in developed countries, such as the US, even before the pandemic. It is believed this trend has contributed significantly to outbreaks of previously contained infectious diseases, such as measles, in the developed world.2 

This week we take a closer look at which countries have mandatory childhood vaccination policies. This map is published courtesy of Our World in Data3, and with kind permission of the third party contributors, Tatjana Marks4 and Samantha Vanderslott.
TThe authors of this map would like to note that this is a live dataset that relies on crowdsourcing to note policy changes. If you are aware of any new policies or policy changes for any country, please get in touch with samantha.vanderslott@paediatrics.ox.ac.uk

1. World Health Organisation. (2021, July 15). Immuization Coverage. Retrieved August 12, 2021
2. Santoli, J., DeSilva, M., Lindely, M., & et al. (2020, May 15). Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on routine pediatric vaccine ordering and administration—United States, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 69(19), 591-593. doi:doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6919e2
3. Our World in Data, Which countries have mandatory childhood vaccination policies. Retried 25 August 2021. 
4. Vanderslott, S., & Marks, T. (2021). Charting mandatory vaccination policies worldwideVaccine. Retrieved 25 August 21

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